For information only - not an official document
7 April 2011
Re-issued as received
Joint Commitment: Good Water Quality for all Tisza Countries
UZHGOROD/VIENNA, 7 April (UN Information Service) - On 11 April 2011, the five Tisza River Basin countries Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine will enter a new stage in joint water management to ensure good water quality. In the course of a Ministerial Meeting being held in Uzhgorod, Ukraine, a management plan will be signed that will commit the five countries to further cooperation in their efforts to protect the valuable environment of the basin. What used to be a matter of individual countries is now becoming an international endeavour.
The ministers and high-level representatives will sign a Memorandum of Understanding and endorse the implementation of the Integrated Tisza River Basin Management Plan (ITRBM Plan), which has been proposed in full compliance with the EU Water Framework Directive. This is important, as Hungary, Romania and Slovakia are EU member states, whereas Serbia and Ukraine are not. Pollution, however, does not stop at borders - an internationally orchestrated management of the Tisza River Basin is therefore crucial for ensuring good water quality.
The Tisza cooperation is also an important flagship project for the EU Danube Strategy. It will help to tie the entire region into this set of measures and policies, dedicated to sustainable development in the entire Danube River Basin.
The Tisza River Basin and the Tisza Group
The Tisza River is the longest tributary of the Danube. Its basin is the largest sub-basin of the Danube Basin and the home to 14 million people in five countries. It is an area rich in biodiversity, providing habitants for many species no longer found in other parts of Europe. Many areas of the region, including nature reserves and national parks, are important ecological assets.
The Tisza Group comprises of the five Tisza Basin countries: Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine. It was created under the umbrella of the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) to prepare and coordinate all activities for the preparation of the ITRBM Plan. All countries of the Tisza Group are also contracting parties of ICPDR, which hosts the Ministerial Meeting under its current Ukrainian presidency. Since 1998, the ICPDR has played a key-role as a platform to coordinate international responses to environmental pressures.
The President of the ICPDR Mykola Melenevskyi said the ITRBM Plan has been developed through international efforts over several years: "Experts have been heavily involved in data collection and analysis necessary for the preparation of the Integrated Tisza River Basin Management Plan. This work has been shared among experts from the Tisza countries - the Slovak Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine - all participating fairly in multilateral international cooperation."
The ICPDR Executive Secretary Philip Weller said Tisza cooperation was an important element of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region, which will be adopted this summer: "The Tisza cooperation is important for the entire region, as it will become a flagship project for the EU Danube Strategy. This strategy will set the framework for developments in the Danube River Basin, and the Tisza countries are now at the forefront of these developments. The Tisza cooperation carries EU policies and funding beyond the borders of the EU, to the benefit of all countries involved."
The Integrated Tisza River Basin Management Plan
The ITRBM Plan includes an analysis that outlines the pressures from pollution, river engineering works, floods and droughts. Furthermore, it gives an overview of the status waters and identifies the measures needed to be implemented to reach the objectives of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) by 2015. Serbia and Ukraine, which are not EU member states, have committed themselves voluntarily to comply with the targets set by the WFD.
The principles of Integrated Water Resources Management promote the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources. The aim is to maximise the economic and social welfare without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.
Water quantity management, such as flood and drought protection or climate change adaptation strategies, and development processes such as land use management, have a crucial role in reaching good water quality and quantity.
About the ICPDR
The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) is an international organisation consisting of 14 cooperating states and the European Union. Since its establishment in 1998, the ICPDR has grown into one of the largest and most active international bodies engaged in river basin management in Europe. Its activities relate not only to the Danube River itself, but also the tributaries and the ground water resources.
The ultimate goal of the ICPDR is to implement the Danube River Protection Convention (DRPC) by promoting and coordinating sustainable and equitable water management, including conservation, and improvement and rational use of waters for the benefit of the Danube River Basin countries and their people.
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