29 March 2004
Security Council Extends Afghanistan Mission for 12 Months, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 1536 (2004)
NEW YORK, 26 March (UN Headquarters) -- The Security Council this morning extended the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) for an additional 12 months from today, recognizing that the United Nations must continue to play its central role in efforts to assist the Afghan people in consolidating peace and rebuilding their country.
Unanimously adopting resolution 1536 (2004), the Council also called on all Afghan parties to cooperate with UNAMA in the implementation of its mandate and to ensure the security and freedom of movement of its staff throughout the country.
The Council also stressed the importance of the provision of sufficient security and of significant donor support for the holding of credible national elections in accordance with the Afghan Constitution and the Bonn Agreement and, to this end, urged Member States and international organizations to coordinate closely with UNAMA and the Afghan Transitional Administration.
In addition, the Council encouraged Afghan authorities to enable an electoral process that provides for voter participation that is representative of the national demographics, and called on all eligible Afghans to fully participate in the registration and electoral processes.
Further, the Council encouraged UNAMA and the Afghan authorities to accelerate voter registration efforts in preparation for elections and urged close coordination between Afghan and United Nations authorities.
For a summary of the report of the Secretary-General, see Press Release SC/8036 of 24 March.
The meeting began at 10:21 a.m. and ended at 10:23 a.m.
The full text of resolution 1536 (2004) reads as follows:
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolution 1471 (2003) extending the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) through 27 March 2004,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,
Welcoming the Constitution adopted by the Loya Jirga on 4 January 2004 which reflects the determination of the Afghan people to ensure the transition of their country towards a stable and democratic State,
Recognizing that the United Nations must continue to play its central and impartial role in the international efforts to assist the Afghan people in consolidating peace in Afghanistan and rebuilding their country,
Reaffirming the Transitional Administration as the sole legitimate government of Afghanistan pending the democratic presidential and parliamentary elections envisioned in the Bonn Agreement as in the Afghan constitution,
Reiterating its strong support for the full implementation of the Bonn Agreement (S/2001/1154) and supporting also the objectives of the international conference scheduled to take place in Berlin from 31 March to 1 April 2004 to allow the Afghan authorities and the international community to reaffirm their long-term commitment to take the transitional process in Afghanistan forward, including by demonstrating support for the Afghan political process and its national security, as well as by confirming and generating international financial and other donations,
Recalling the importance of the coming elections to establish democratic Afghan authorities as a further step towards implementation of the Bonn Agreement and welcoming in that regard the creation of a Joint Electoral Management Body and the initial progress made in voter registration,
Recalling and emphasizing the importance of the Kabul Declaration of 22 December 2002 on Good-Neighbourly relations (S/2002/1416), and encouraging all States concerned to continue to follow up on the Kabul Declaration and the Declaration on Trade, Transit and Inward Investment signed in Dubai in September 2003,
Stressing also the importance of extending central government authority to all parts of Afghanistan, of comprehensive nationwide disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of all armed factions, and of security sector reform including reconstitution of the new Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police,
Welcoming the visit of the Security Council Mission to Afghanistan in October-November 2003 and takes note of its report and recommendations,
1. Decides to extend UNAMA for an additional period of 12 months from the date of adoption of this resolution;
2. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 23 March 2004 (S/2004/230) and the recommendations contained therein;
3. Stresses the importance of the provision of sufficient security and of significant donor support for the holding of credible national elections in accordance with the Afghan constitution and the Bonn Agreement and to this end urges member states and international organizations to coordinate closely with UNAMA and the Transitional Administration;
4. Encourages Afghan authorities to enable an electoral process that provides for voter participation that is representative of the national demographics including women and refugees and calls upon all eligible Afghans to fully participate in the registration and electoral processes;
5. Encourages UNAMA and the Afghan authorities, in this regard, to accelerate voter registration efforts in preparation for elections and urges close coordination between Afghan and UN authorities;
6. Welcomes the progress made since the commencement of the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) process in October 2003 and the contribution of the International Observer Group in this regard; stresses that efforts on the part of the Afghan Authorities and all Afghan parties, supported by the international community, to achieve further progress on DDR are critical, particularly for the creation of an environment more conducive to the conduct of free and fair elections; and in this regard, calls upon all Afghan parties to abide by commitments made in the Bonn Agreement including its Annex 1;
7. Welcomes the efforts to date of the Afghan authorities to implement their National Drug Control Strategy adopted in May 2003 and urges the Afghan authorities to make further efforts in that regard and Member States to support its implementation with the necessary resources;
8. Stresses that tackling the drugs trade cannot be separated from creating a strong economy and a secure environment in Afghanistan and cannot be achieved without increased cooperation among neighbouring states and countries along trafficking routes to strengthen anti-narcotic controls to curb the drug flow, and notes with concern in this regard the assessment made by UNODC in its last Afghan opium survey;
9. Welcomes the appointment of Jean Arnault as new Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) for Afghanistan; reaffirms its continued strong support for the SRSG and the concept of a fully integrated mission and endorses his full authority, in accordance with all relevant resolutions, over all United Nations activities in Afghanistan;
10. Requests UNAMA, with the support of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, to continue to assist the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission in the full implementation of the human rights provisions of the new Afghan constitution, in particular those regarding the full enjoyment by women of their human rights; requests also that UNAMA support the establishment of a fair and transparent judicial system, and work towards the strengthening of the rule of law;
11. Calls upon all Afghan parties to cooperate with UNAMA in the implementation of its mandate and to ensure the security and freedom of movement of its staff throughout the country;
12. Welcomes the progress made by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), in expanding its presence outside of Kabul and in implementing its mandate in accordance with resolutions 1444 (2002) and 1510 (2003), requests that ISAF continue working in close consultation with the Secretary-General and his Special Representative; calls upon troop contributors to provide the necessary resources to ensure the full implementation of the mandate of ISAF;
13. Welcomes the development of the new Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police as important steps towards the goal of Afghan security forces providing security and ensuring the rule of law throughout the country, and also welcomes the readiness of ISAF to provide security assistance for the organization of the forthcoming elections in support of the Afghan authorities and UNAMA in accordance with resolution 1510;
14. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council in a timely manner on developments in Afghanistan, including, after elections, on the future role of UNAMA;
15. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
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