LEGAL COMMITTEE, REVIEWING REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE,
Report on Measures against Terrorism is Introduced; Current
Debate on Possible Convention against Human Cloning is Concluded
NEW YORK, 18 October (UN Headquarters) -- A new model law on international commercial conciliation elaborated by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) was approved by the Sixth Committee (Legal) this morning for adoption later in the session by the General Assembly. A draft text, to which the Model Law was annexed, was one of three related to the work of UNCITRAL approved by the Committee, without a vote.
By the text on the Model Law, the General Assembly would commend the instrument, together with its Guide to Enactment, to States for their consideration. The Assembly would express the belief that the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation would significantly assist States in enhancing their legislation governing the use of modern conciliation or mediation techniques and in formulating it.
A draft text on a report of the Commission’s thirty-fifth session this year would have the Assembly stress the importance of UNCITRAL’s conventions being brought together for the global unification and harmonization of international trade law. The text was introduced by the representative of Austria.
By the third draft, the Assembly would emphasize the need for higher priority to be given to the Commission’s work. The representative of Mexico made a statement on the text.
Since its establishment by the General Assembly in 1966, UNCITRAL has elaborated a number of other international legal texts dealing with various aspects of international trade, such as the International Sales of Goods, International Commercial Arbitration, Electronic Commerce and International Payments.
Also this morning, a draft resolution on effective measures to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and representatives was introduced in the Committee by the representative of Finland. The text would, among other things, have the General Assembly strongly condemn acts of violence against such missions and representatives, and would call upon States to become party to the international instruments relevant to protection of diplomats and missions.
A report of the Sixth Committee’s working group on measures to eliminate international terrorism, was introduced by its chairman, Rohan Perera, Sri Lanka, who said delegations remained committed to the finalization of the text of the draft comprehensive convention on international terrorism. It was once more clear that the outstanding issues required political will and compromise for a consensus to be achieved.
Finally, the Committee completed its debate on an international convention against the reproductive cloning of human beings.
While still calling for consensus on a convention against reproductive cloning of humans, most speakers today called for a comprehensive ban as proposed by Spain and others. The other proposal, put forward by Germany and France, called for an immediate ban of cloning for reproductive purposes while leaving the therapeutic cloning of embryos to be deal with in later instruments.
Until present pressing issues such as poverty were addressed, Fiji’s representative said, there should be no talk of subjects like cloning. People in the developing world had many pressing problems. They could not give careful consideration to the matter of cloning. It should be banned entirely.
Kenya’s representative said both drafts before the Committee upheld the dignity of the human being by outlawing reproductive cloning but all forms of cloning should be banned due to problems of enforceability.
The issue was probably one of the most complex the Committee had had to deal with, said the representative of Singapore. The subject was an important one requiring more studies before any rush to judgement; therapeutic research could always be regulated.
Statements on the item were also made by the representatives of Thailand, Netherlands, Sierra Leone, Italy, Argentina, Ethiopia, Panama and Bulgaria.
A representative of the United Nations Educational and Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) also spoke.
The Sixth Committee will meet again at 10 a.m. on Tuesday, 22 October, to take up its consideration of the Convention on jurisdictional immunities of States and their property.
The Sixth Committee (Legal) met this morning to continue its consideration of an international convention against the reproductive cloning of human beings. (For background on this item, see Press Release GA/L/3216 of 17 October.)
In addition, a draft was expected to be introduced on measures to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and representatives (document A/C.6/57/L.18). The Committee had first considered the item on 26 September, based on a report of the Secretary-General in response to a General Assembly request for information on the status of ratifications and accessions to the various relevant legal instruments, as well as reports from States on violations against consular missions and representatives.
Also, the Committee was expected to consider the report of the working group on measures to eliminate international terrorism (document A/C.6/57/L.9).
Finally, the Committee was expected to take action on three draft resolutions related to the work of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).
UNCITRAL draft texts
The first draft resolution, relating to the work of UNCITRAL, Report of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law at its thirty-fifth session (document A/C.6/57/L.12), is sponsored by 74 States.
By its terms, the General Assembly would note with satisfaction the completion and adoption by the Commission of the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation.
The Assembly would stress the importance of bringing into effect the conventions emanating from the Commission’s work for the global unification and harmonization of international trade law and would, to that end, urge States to consider signing, ratifying or acceding to them. Reaffirming the mandate of the Commission as the core legal body within the United Nations system in the field of international trade law, the Assembly would commend the Commission for the progress of its work on arbitration, insolvency law, electronic commerce, privately financed infrastructure projects, security interests and transport law.
The Assembly would reaffirm its appeal to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other bodies responsible for development assistance, such as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and regional development banks, as well as to governments, to support the Commission’s training and technical assistance programme.
Also by the text, the Assembly would reiterate its request to the Secretary-General to strengthen the Commission’s secretariat to enhance the effective implementation of its programme, possibly during the current biennium or the years 2004-2005.
A draft resolution on Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (document A/C.6/57/L.13), would have the General Assembly recommend that all States duly consider the instrument, which is annexed to the text.
The General Assembly would ask the Secretary-General to make all efforts to ensure that the Model Law, together with its Guide to Enactment, becomes generally well known and available.
The Assembly would express the belief that the Model Law would significantly assist States in enhancing their legislation, governing the use of modern conciliation or mediation techniques and in formulating such legislation.
A third UNCITRAL-related draft concerns Enhancing coordination in the area of international trade law and strengthening the secretariat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (document A/C.6/57/L.14). By the text, the General Assembly would emphasize the need for higher priority to be given to the work of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. This was because of the increasing value of the modernization of international trade law for global economic development and, consequently, for the maintenance of friendly relations among States.
The Assembly would take note of the recommendations of the Office of Internal Oversight Services that the Office of Legal Affairs review the requirements of the Commission’s secretariat. (The recommendations are contained in document E/AC.51/2002/5 (15)).
Working Group’s report on terrorism
A report of the working group on measures to eliminate international terrorism (document A/C.6/57/L.9) was to be introduced by Rohan Perera (Sri Lanka), the Chairman, who also chairs the original Ad Hoc Committee (on terrorism) established under General Assembly’s resolution 51/210 of 17 December 2001.
The Ad Hoc Committee continued elaboration of a draft comprehensive convention on terrorism and another text on an international convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism from 25 January to 1 February this year. The Ad Hoc Committee’s work was continued on 15 and 16 October by a working group of the Sixth Committee.
The report recommends that work should continue with the aim of finalizing the text of the two conventions, building upon the work accomplished during the meetings of the Working Group. The Chairman of the Working Group in his own conclusion, said that the key issue in relation to the comprehensive convention on terrorism which had to be resolved, continued to be the text of article 18 of the draft instrument. [Article 18 deals with the exclusion from the scope of the draft conventions of certain activities of the armed forces, as well as military forces of States in conflict situations.] If agreement was reached on that article, he believed solutions could be found for the other pending articles. Agreement on that article should also facilitate finalization of the convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism, he stated.
Annexed to the working group’s report are a list of written amendments and proposals submitted by delegations.
Draft on protection, security and safety
The representative of Finland introduced the draft resolution on effective measures to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and representatives (document A/C.6/57/L.18). He said one of the core elements of the draft was the reporting mechanism for violations against missions and representatives, as well as against those with diplomatic status to international intergovernmental organizations. Until now, States had been requested to report and the Secretary-General had been requested to issue a report. Now the reporting mechanism was incorporated into the draft resolution to facilitate implementation. The Secretary-General was also requested to report biennially, instead of annually, in line with the aim of streamlining the reporting system in the United Nations in general.
He said, the preambular part of the draft stressed that respect for the principles and rules of international law governing diplomatic and consular relations was a basic prerequisite for normal conduct of relations among States. In the operative part, violence against missions and representatives was strongly condemned. States were urged to observe, implement and enforce international law in the field and investigate violence where appropriate. States were called upon to cooperate with each other in all these regards.
Action on International Trade Law Drafts
The Committee took up the draft resolution on Report of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law at its thirty-fifth session (document A/C.6/57/L.12), which had been introduced by Austria. The resolution was adopted without a vote.
Also adopted without a vote was the draft, introduced by the bureau, on the Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (document A/C.6/57/L.13).
Finally, the Committee took up the resolution on Enhancing coordination in the area of international trade law and strengthening the secretariat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (document A/C.6/57/L.14). The representative of Mexico, who said her country had become a co-sponsor, called on UNCITRAL to consider the additional work placed on the Secretariat, as noted in the last preambular paragraph. The draft was adopted without a vote.
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